• Ecuador: land acquisition for Buenaventura reserve

In Brief

Conservation Value:

Buenaventura was established in 2000 by Fundación Jocotoco to protect the recently discovered El Oro Parakeet — one of the world's rarest parrots. The reserve  represents the only protected area of the cloud forest in this region of Ecuador and the only protection for the parakeet (with about half the world's known population) and the only known location for several species of plants and amphibians.


Deforestation for cattle ranching

Actions & Results:

With support from ICFC and others a key property was acquired in 2014 to enlarge Buenaventura reserve.


west slope of the Andes in Southern Ecuador


To help secure a future for the Critcially Endangered El Oro Parakeet and to protect it's forest habitat.

Project Field Partner:

Fundación Jocotoco


Cost to ICFC (2014): CA$55,380

Size of Area Involved:

reserve size: 2250 hectares; 234 ha acquired with this project.

In More Depth...

Project Personnel

Our partner Fundación Jocotoco is an Ecuadorian conservation organization founded in 1998. One of the organization's founders is Canadian David Agro, who is an ICFC Associate and Chairs Jocotoco's Board of Directors.


Buenaventura Reserve

Buenaventura was established in 2000 by Fundación Jocotoco to protect the recently discovered El Oro Parakeet — one of the world's rarest parrots. The reserve is located on the west slope of the Andes in Southern Ecuador and represents the only regional protected area of the cloud forest. It is also the only protection for the parakeet: with approximately 175 individuals, Buenaventura protects half the world's known population.

Since the reserve's inception, Jocotoco has been working to expand the reserve as desirable properties become available. The a properties have been reforested with native tree species that had been cut down for cattle grazing — the main threat to the area. A second threat to the area is lower precipitation resulting from the reduction in cloud cover due to deforestation. This causes species to migrate to wetter, higher elevations. The land on offer now is at a higher elevation, hence is especially valuable.

Buenaventura is located in an area with a key concentration of endemic biodiversity (see Appendix). The reserve is the only known location for several species of plants, and the last refuge for various animal species. In addition to the El Oro Parakeet, the enigmatic El Oro Tapaculo also depends on the Buenaventura Reserve for survival as does the Ecuadorian White-fronted Capuchin. Many of these species are not otherwise protected in Ecuador's already fairly extensive national system of protected areas.

Table 1: Threatened vertebrate species found in Buenaventura Reserve, with IUCN RedList designation.

Nototriton brodiei (one of the moss salamanders)  Critically Endangered
Cryptotriton nasalis (Cortes Salamander)  Critically Endangered
Duellmanohyla soralia (Copan brook frog)  Critically Endangered
Ptychohyla hypomykter (Copan stream frog)  Critically Endangered
Agalychnis moreletii (Morelet's tree frog)  Critically Endangered
Craugastor charadra (a leaf-litter frog)  Endangered
Bolitoglossa odonnelli (O'Donnell's Salamander)  Endangered
Bolitoglossa dunni (Dunn's Mushroomtongue Salamander)  Endangered
Bromeliohyla bromeliacia (Bromeliad Treefrog)  Endangered
Oreophasis derbianus (Horned Guan)  Endangered
Dendroica chrysoparia (Golden-cheeked Warbler)  Endangered
Crax rubra (Great Curassow)  Vulnerable
Dendroica cerulea (Cerulean Warbler)  Vulnerable
Electron carinatum (Keel-billed Motmot)  Vulnerable
Craugastor xucanebi (a leaf-litter frog)  Vulnerable
Plectrohyla matudai (frog)  Vulnerable

More info on Buenaventura

Actions & Results

A great opportunity arose in 2013-2014 to expand the Buenaventura Reserve by purchasing the adjacent 277-hectare Ramirez farm property for the below-market price of $200,000, of which ICFC contributed $50,000. Other funders included Rainforest Trust and American Bird Conservancy.

Over half the acquired property consists of pristine subtropical rainforest, critical for the endemic el oro parakeet and tapaculo and at the perfect elevation for the parakeet. The remainding property consists of scattered pasturelands that are being restored through natural regeneration and some tree planting.

In late 2015, a further 382 hectares were added to the reserve, this time with support from Rainforest Trust and supporters of Fundación Jocotoco. The reserve now spans 2250 hectares.

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