• courtesy of FCAT

    Ecuador: Securing a key property for the FCAT reserve in the Chocó

  • courtesy of FCAT

    Ecuador: Securing a key property for the FCAT reserve in the Chocó

  • courtesy of FCAT

    Ecuador: Securing a key property for the FCAT reserve in the Chocó

  • Luis Carrasco

    Ecuador: Securing a key property for the FCAT reserve in the Chocó

In Brief

Conservation Value:

The humid forests of the Chocó Biogeographical Region of northwestern Ecuador support exceptional biodiversity, much of which is endemic to the region. The 120,000-ha Mache-Chindul Reserve (MCR) occupies a unique transitionary zone between the Chocó and the drier Tumbesian zone to the South. MCR is a BirdLife International Important Bird Area (IBA), is in the process of becoming a Key Biodiversity Area, and contains a RAMSAR designated wetland. The 592-ha reserve of FCAT (Fundación para la Conservación le los Andes Tropicales) lies along the boundary of the MCR and is one of the largest continuous forest reserves in the region.  It supports many Neotropical migratory bird species and threatened species including the Critically Endangered Ecuadorian white-fronted capuchin (Cebus aequatorialis), Endangered banded ground-cuckoo (Neomorphus radiolosus), Endangered mache glassfrog (Cochranella mache), Endangered Blomberg’s tree boa (Corallus blombergi), and Vulnerable long-wattled umbrellabird (Cephalopterus penduliger).


Over 96% of the Ecuadorian Chocó’s primary forests are lost and what remains is not well protected. A study found that 10% of the forest within the boundaries of the Mache-Chindul Reserve (MCR) was lost from 2000-2008 and that MCR is the worst performing reserve in the Ecuadorian protected area system. From 1990 to 2008, this region had the highest deforestation rates and among the lowest rates of forest regeneration in Ecuador. This habitat loss is driven by several thousand people with limited economic opportunities who live within the MCR borders, leading to deforestation and species loss in a region where over 90% of local residents live in poverty. As a result, globally threatened and endemic species in the area are declining.

Actions & Results:

In 2021, with support from ICFC, FCAT purchased land to consolidate its reserve. The reserve has enabled FCAT to generate a robust and predictable income stream for its long-term management. In 2022, FCAT launched the “Next Generation Club’”. The goal of the Club is to build a skilled workforce of local young men and women to forge a more sustainable future in the region. In its first year, the club engaged 15 keen students who received theoretical and hands-on training in tropical ecology, camera traps, GIS, and other skills.


Esmeraldas province in northwestern Ecuador


To enlarge an important reserve in the highly threatened Ecuadorian Choco, increasing its conservation value.

Project Field Partner:

Fundación para la Conservación de los Andes Tropicales (FCAT)


Land aquisition (2021-2022): CA$297,781
Education and capacity building (2022): CA$11,812

Size of Area Involved:

40 hectares, enlarging the reserve to 590 hectares


Click to enlarge an image

Bird hawk - credit luis carrasco
Boulengers green anole (anolis chloris) - credit alejandro arteaga
Long-wattled umbrellabird (cephalopterus penduliger) in the mist - credit luis carrasco
Eyelash viper (bothriechis schlegelii) - credit alejandro arteaga
Caterpillar - credit fcat
Fcat reserve - credit fcat
Mantled howler monkey (alouatta palliata) - credit fcat

In More Depth...

International Conservation Fund of Canada Copyright © 2009-2024

Registered Canadian charity # 85247 8189 RR0001