Selection criteria used by ICFC for our conservation workMany opportunities for conservation related work exist. We look for the best opportunities for achieving lasting conservation gains with good value for money and low or moderate risk.
We specialize by focusing on direct conservation action, rather research or integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs). Scientific and socioeconomic research is important for conservation and existing conservation organizations are doing useful research, as are university-based scientists. In general, though, conservation action has lagged behind the science needed to undertake it. ICFC projects are based on existing science.
By "direct conservation action" we mean measures that immediately reduce threats to species or ecosystems.
As for ICDPs, these have had variable success and sometimes result in little or no long-term conservation gains1,2,3. This is not to say that conservation work does not need to involve local communities — it does. Just that our focus will be on conservation, with human-related benefits integrated into that goal4.
Conservation projects or actions must:
(1) have a good chance of succeeding;
(2) provide lasting conservation gains that are reasonably secure;
(3) represent good value for money;
(4) be focused on measurable outcomes and adaptable as to process;
(5) not have scientific or other research as a primary purpose;
(6) not be sustainable development projects with conservation as a secondary component;
(7) take human interests into consideration, especially those of local communities, and involve local communities and other people, groups, and agencies as appropriate.
Conservation projects or actions may:
(8) involve terrestrial, wetland, freshwater or marine habitats;
(9) include an educational component if that is likely to result in conservation benefits;
(10) involve purchase of land as a nature reserve, provided that legal protections and remedies are in place that ensure ICFC has long-term control over its continued protection;
(11) entail providing long-term finance through a conservation trust fund, provided that ICFC has a proportionate degree of control (e.g. through representation on the fund board);
(12) involve "payments for ecosystem services", including REDD (reduced emissions from deforestation and degradation) carbon credits projects or financing.
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We do not make grants or donations to other organizations or individuals, but we do work with
local partners and consider project proposals from others. [>] More info.
1 Brandon, K., K.H. Redford, and S.E. Sanderson, eds. 1998. Parks in Peril: People, Politics, and Protected Areas. Island Press, Washington, DC.
2 McShane, T.O. and Michael P. Wells, eds. 2004. Getting Biodiversity Projects to Work: Toward More Effective Conservation and Development. Columbia University Press, New York.
3 Terborgh, J., C. van Schaik, L.C. Davenport, and M. Rao, eds. 2002. Making Parks Work: Strategies for Preserving Tropical Nature. Island Press, Washington, DC.
4 For example, we favour programs that provide local jobs that are conservation related, that engage local communities in conservation, and that strengthen the capacity of indigenous people to protect their ancestral lands.
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